For reference, we were using QNAP TS-639 Pro with six WD20EADS disks.
After about half a year of use, the web-interface was running slower, so that we needed to wait for several minutes to obtain the list of the disks. Gradually, we noted that the array performance decreased significantly.
It seemed obvious to assume that one of the member disks has been dropped from the array and a RAID5 was working in the degraded mode. However, all the member disks were marked as GOOD in the web-interface.
It was suspicious that LEDs on the disk bays indicating the state and activity of the disks were blinking unevenly. Logically, for RAID5 one should expect almost symmetric load on the disks, but in fact, one of the disk LED was blinking much more frequently.
Once we had run the bad blocks check on this disk through the web-interface, the disk dropped from the array in less than half an hour and its bay LED turned red. At this point, the web-interface began to work properly again. The disk taken from …
What is the difference between hotspare and hotswap?
Hotswap is the capability to replace a failed part with a spare without having to shut down the system. To resolve a problem, somebody still has to bring the spare part and do the actual work replacing it.
Hot spare is the spare part that is placed into the system at build time, in anticipation that something will eventually fail. The hot spare ties the part which could be otherwise used, but instead sits idly waiting for something to fail. On the bright side, when something fails, there is no need for a human intervention because the spare part is already there and ready.